Month: July 2020

Month: July 2020

The Biting Impact of Covid-19: Plight of African Children

Chief Obafemi Awolowo, one of the founding fathers of Nigeria,  knowing the power of education to transform an individual, and its potency to birth a great nation, says:

“In order  to attain to the goal of economic freedom and prosperity, Nigeria must do certain things as a matter of urgency and priority. It must provide free education at all levels and free health facilities for the masses of it citizens.” 

Government at all levels must wake up this time. For the time calls for maximum seriousness and purposeful executions of citizens oriented projects. I believe we can have our streets tarred with gold, and our walls ornamented with diamonds if  the vast untapped reasources buried in this continent are unearthed and utilised for purpose of the people.

We can’t talk about development without bringing education to the front burner. Education must be of great interest to governments in Africa. If possible,  a major restructuring must be embraced to ensure  beautiful future for African children. Our governments must beginning to see education as one of the basic tools, that will champion unhindered  development.

It’s  highly recommended that governments ensure all schools( both public and privates) are opened as soon as authorities issue the order for the re-opening of our schools, and that all children at all levels( from primary to tertiary) must return  back to school. For this to materialise,  dogged willingness is needed to rollout more scholarship aids, more grants, and more parliative for schools, especially privates. This is needed to aggressively extinct the poverty and under-development debilitating Africa. Tirfe Mammo would go so far to say:

“Poverty is generally underdevelopment and underdevelopment,  in its turn, is associated with many factors. One among these factors is the level of education. The gaps in literacy level between Africa and the better-off countries are remarkable.” [1]

It is no news that several parents have lost their means of livelihood, many more will still follow suit due to the devastating impact of Coronal Virus (Covid-19) on the economy. Be that as it may, a massive bail out plan must be rolled out to create soothing effects for parents. This intervention will reduce the spate of crimes and criminality, and surpress increase rate of depressions.

The system of extortion, which we have come to know by its influence as ‘Neocolonialism’, is basically structured to sustain the ill-gotten wealth, during pre-colonial slave trade  expedition and colonialism that came afterwards, to sustain the  future of the countries involved in this extortion. Our governments must be equally interested in the future of our children. The Post-colonial chaotic influence plaguing Africa is as a result of weak educational systems. African States must be purposeful in reengeneering its educational system.  Our academic system should be remapped to lead  to mental revolution, which will usher in a major systemic reformation.

Coupled with this urgent proposed educational intervention programme should be aggressive plan to make food and a working health system available. The UN, World Population  (1992) statistics, Africa has a large and industrious population base of about six hundred million (10 percent of world’s population ), of which well over 65 percent are economically active (under 65 years of age). The continent covers 23 percent of world’s landmass having over six hundred and twenty million hectares of arable land i.e. enough per capital for cultivation.

It is believed that every other sectors of the economy will geometrically improve when African Member States prioritised Education, food, and health.

The hope for a better tomorrow grows along with our children. Let’s secure this hope.

God bless Africa.

 [1] Tirfe Mammo, The Paradox of Africa’s Poverty, 1999, p.32.

By: OLUWANBEPELUMI Adiv Pelumi-Folarin

‘PELUMI Adiv Pelumi-Folarin, is a Leadership Development Expert of over 10 years active experience. He’s the president of Shining Africans Testimony; A Lagos based NGO. Pelumi is passionate about the wellness of African Continent.


Since the end of 1950s Africa has possessed formal independence, but in many countries ties to their former colonial powers has remained strong. Thus, for post-independence Africa, though it had succeeded in becoming politically decolonized, freedom from what is called neo-colonialism became almost impossible. There are still many hindrances to the achievement of economic decolonization in Africa. Therefore, one may say, although the decolonization of Africa has been achieved, freeing Africans from their colonial legacy and enabling them to embark on the application of African indigenous knowledge and practices remains.

The task of gaining this freedom for Africa has become problematic in many respects due to the severe poverty prevailing on the continent at the present. Africa as a whole is currently associated with extensive malnutrition, recurrent famine, rampant disease, high level of illiteracy and acute shortage of goods to fulfil basic needs. A number of African countries are also ruled by dictatorial government, where little, if any, respect is paid to fundamental human rights. The Paradox is that the potential wealth and rich culture of Africa do not justify a crises of such dimension. As the saying among Africans goes, “Africa is poor because she is potentially rich,” And with regard to the total crisis facing the continent, there appear to be a lot of truth in the saying.

Excerpt from the book titled; Paradox of Africa’s Poverty.
Author: TIRFE MAMMO (1999)

World Bank and IMF Neoliberal conspiracy in Africa: A counter hegemonic discourse

There are two major ways the World Bank generates funds to provide credit facilities to backward countries such as Liberia. The bank receives funding from the advanced countries among its 189 member states. The US, EU, and China are the highest contributors to the Bank. The Bank also raises funds through the issuance of annual bonds on the international financial market. Annually, the bank issues between 50—55 billion USD in bonds to fund “sustainable development projects and programs” (World Bank website) mostly in the least developed countries.

The contributions of member countries come from the taxes paid by the workers and corporations from the respective member states. Keep in mind that European, American, and now Chinese monopoly and finance capital own and dominate Africa and brutally exploit its wealth that is produced by the African working class, peasants and other lower strata of African society. According to a 2017 Honest Account Report, “in 2017, US$134billion entered the continent mainly in the form of loans, foreign investments, and aid. However, US$192billion was taken out mainly in profits made by foreign companies, tax dodging, and the cost of adapting to climate change. Africa suffered the net deficit of US$58billion.”

The report also highlighted that foreign corporations operating on the continent repatriate US$32billions in profits to their home countries each year. These corporations pay corporate income taxes to their home countries. The home government then gives part of such revenue to the World Bank, and the Bank uses the funds to provide credit facilities to African governments in the name of funding road, hydro, and bridge projects. According to the Honest Accounts, “in 2015, Africa received US$32.8billion in loans but paid US$18billion in debt interest and principal payments, with the overall debt rising rapidly.” In the final analysis, African governments have been borrowing a part of the enormous profits accumulated by foreign corporations from the exploitation and transfer of Africa’s wealth.

World Bank

The bank’s bonds are purchased by top global investors. As a matter of fact, we are in the monopolistic stage of capitalism. Suffice this to mean that global wealth is concentrated in the hands of a global elite clique. These global elites are investors who have shares in most giant monopolies that are exploiting the human and material wealth of Africa and racketing billions of dollars in annual profits. According to the 2017 Honest Accounts Report, “A recent report for War on Want found that 101 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange control an identified US$1.05trillion worth of resources in Africa in just five commodities – oil, gold, diamonds, coal, and platinum. These 101 companies have mineral operations in 37 African countries and are mainly British, with 59 incorporated in the UK.”

These figures are conservative as the corporations have a way of hiding their wealth accumulated from Africa through bogus accounting. Also, the value of resources taken out of the continent by American, French, and Chinese corporations, when considered, one would get a clear understanding of how economic governance in Africa is still tied to foreign interest and imperial plunder. Investors that have shares in these multinationals earn dividends from the social surplus produced by African labor. Part of the dividends, if not invested in productive economic activities, is used to purchase financial bonds such as World Bank bonds on the international financial market with the expectation of making more profit from the yield which ranges from 2,3,4, to 5 percent.

Economic surpluses that should have been reallocated to expand the productive capacity of Africa are on the contrary the preserves of foreign investors. These investors use the same surplus profits produced by the brows of African workers and peasants to buy World Bank bonds. The funds generated by WB are loaned to African governments and must have it paid back through brutal austerity measures (which leads to the underfunding of healthcare, education, etc.), high taxation on the income of low-income families, etc. What a tragedy!

The Bank not only provide credit facilities, but it also joins its imperialist twin, the (IMF) to dictate the macroeconomic policies of these backward countries. The Bank does not consider an African country for credit except the latter signs up to the IMF prescriptions. The economic methods and theories of the IMF are underpinned by neoliberal capitalism which promotes privatization, deregulation, de-unionization, austerity, minimun state intervention and participation etc. These are all measures that are tailored towards keeping the African economy within the global neoliberal order to provide unhindered access to foreign corporations Africa’s mineral and oil wealth. These policies deprive the African people of the needed capital to fund capital-intensive projects in health, education, infrastructure, social housing, energy, etc. Thus, the need to borrow more from the IMF and World Bank to finance import and piecemeal development projects.

Africa’s revenue code, public finance law, investment code, and national development plans are all written by the World Bank and IMF experts. The Ministry of Finance and Development Planning in Liberia have IMF and World Bank experts who play major roles in crafting that West African country’s austerity-prone national budgets. Contrary to the lies purveyed by these institutions, the neoliberal capitalist imposition has no history of delivering economic salvation to any country in the global South but has rather had a disastrous impact on suffering humanity. It continues to create and recreate political and economic form of exploitations that generate a slew of crises.

The net effect of these have been to reduce countries in the global south to ruins and rubbles. This does not mean African political leadership is blameless. Instead, African governments are ruling allies of the imperialist behemoths. According to Neil Clarke, (a British journalist), “African leaders can be lauded, but only if they toe the politically correct line set by the men and women in suits in the west.” This comprador African elite is corrupt, insensitive, and bereft of faith in the cause of the African people. As the foreign corporations plunder the soil and subsoil of the continent, the political elites pillage the public treasury of their respective countries. According to Transparency International, Africa loses about US$50billion annually to illicit financial flows. This amount accounts for money gained illegally by officials of government in Africa.

Ngugi Wa Thiongo was right when he argued that imperialism and its comprador alliances can never develop Africa. Insofar this neoliberal capitalist framework remains in place, no matter who becomes President, lawmaker, minister, or director, the crises would remain unending. Every attempt to alter this exploitative social relation of production and exchange has been thwarted by imperialist intrigues. We again pay homage to Dr. Nkrumah, Lumumba, Sankara, Amilcar Cabral, Chris Hani, and other martyred comrades who fell victim to the imperialist counter-revolution. But the more the pains of capitalism have struck the African people, the closer they get to the conclusion that a bold struggle needs to be waged against imperialist capitalism and all its superstructures on the continent. The Pan African socialist revolution has not faltered. It continues to ignite the flames of struggle and resistance throughout the continent.

Capitalism in Africa is horror without end!

Fight comrades, fight!

Note: This is an excerpt of an article. Jointly written by Comrade Moses Uneh Yahmia and Comrade Alfred Bombo Kiadii

Bible Verses On Hope

Romans 15:13

May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that by the power of the Holy Spirit you may abound in hope.” Romans 15:13

Bible Verses On Courage

Isaiah 35:4

“Tell everyone who is discouraged, “Be strong and don’t be afraid! God is coming to your rescue, coming to punish your enemies.” Isaiah 35:4 Good News Translation (GNT)

Philippians 4:6-7

6.Don’t worry about anything; instead, pray about everything. Tell God what you need, and thank him for all he has done. 

Then you will experience God’s peace, which exceeds anything we can understand. His peace will guard your hearts and minds as you live in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6-7 New Living Translation (NLT)

2 Chronicles 15:7

But you, take courage! Do not let your hands be weak, for your work shall be rewarded.” 2 Chronicles 15:7 English Standard Version (ESV)

Deuteronomy 31:6

Be strong and courageous. Do not fear or be in dread of them, for it is the LORD your God who goes with you. He will not leave you or forsake you. Deuteronomy 31:6 English Standard Version

1 Corinthians 16:13

13 Be on your guard; stand firm in the faith; be courageous; be strong. NIV

Isaiah 41:13

For I am the LORD your God who takes hold of your right hand and says to you, Do not fear; I will help you” Isaiah 41:13 NIV